India is a megadiverse country, rich in biodiversity. With just 2.4% of the world's land area, India holds about 7-8% of the global biodiversity. The wide diversity in physical features and climatic situations have resulted in a variety of ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, wetlands, coastal and marine and desert. Forests ecosystems in particular exhibit tremendous variability ranging from temperate alpine to tropical wet evergreen forests. There are 16 major forest types in India. India is also one of the eight primary centres of the origin of cultivated plants and is rich agricultural biodiversity.
This rich diversity is being lost at a greatly accelerate rate largely because of human activities. Ecosystems are being fragmented and degraded and several species are in decline posing a threat to biodiversity. The loss in biodiversity impoverishes us all, and weakens the ability of the living systems on which we depends to resist growing threats, such as climate change. The loss of biodiversity is inextricably linked to and exacerbates many of the key challenges the world faces in the 21st century, from provisioning of freshwater and sustainable agricultural production, to climate change, regional conflicts and migration due to shortage of resources. Maintaining biodiversity is critical for ensuring sustainable development and human welfare.
First day cover on International Year of Biodiversity.
India Special cover on Journey of the Ganga from Gangoti to Sea, Cover issued from Lucknow on the occasion of Fifth UP Philatelic Exhibition as on 8 Feb1987 .
India Fdc on Beaches of India - Gopalpur Beach (Orissa State ), Kovalam (Kerala State ), Anjuna & Bogmalo ( Goa State ), Issued on 11 Aug 1997.
India Miniature sheet on Himalayan Ecology
Endangered Species of Turtles .Batagur baska, Lepidochelys olivacea
Date of issue : 29.01.2000
India Stamps on The Silent Valley, Date of issue :15.11.2009
XI Conference of the Parties to the convention on Biological Diversity,Hyderabad. Date of issue 16.10.2012
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