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Thursday, December 22, 2011

French India Stamps

Legacy of French India Stamps 

History of French rule in India :--

The French East India Company was formed in 1664 by Colbert, a Minister under Louis XIV. The first French factory in India was established at Surat by Francis Caron. Later, Maracara set up a factory at Masulipattinam. Francois Martin founded Pondicherry in 1673.
The French acquired Mahe in the 1720s, Yanam in 1731, and Karaikal in 1738.
Francois Martin was the first governor of Pondicherry, the headquarters of the French possessions in India.

The French rule in Pondicherry :--

Capital          :   Pondicherry
Area              :  509 Sq Km.
Population     :   3,62,000 (1948)
Currency       :   100 Centimes =1 Franc (1892-1923)
                     :    24 Caches = 1 Fanon, 8 Fanon =1 French Rupee (1923-1954) 
French India Settlements :--
The independence of India in August 1947 gave impetus to the union of the French Indian Settlements with the new republic of India. The lodges in Machilipatnam, Kozhikode and Surat were ceded to India in October 1947. An agreement between France and India in 1948 made way for elections in the remaining possessions to choose their political future. After a referendum, the city of Chandernagore was ceded to India on 2 May 1950 and merged with the state of West Bengal on 2 October 1955.
On 1 November 1954 the remaining possessions were transferred to India and became the Union Territory of Pondicherry. The formal (de jure) union of the French Indian Settlements with India did not take place until 1963 when the French parliament ratified the treaty with India.
Classification of Philately Material :--
British India stamps used in French India area
General France colonies stamps used in India
France Fiscal stamps used in India as a Postage
French India stamps
French India used in abroad
French India Postal stationery
French India fiscal stamps
French India stamp paper


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